Asignación de recursos de respuesta a sequías y su impacto sesgado en la producción Agrícola Mexicana
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Palabras clave

declaración de desastre
sequias
productividad agrícola
México
FONDEN

Cómo citar

Robles Chávez, J. E. (2022). Asignación de recursos de respuesta a sequías y su impacto sesgado en la producción Agrícola Mexicana. Sobre México Temas De Economía, 1(6), 40-80. https://doi.org/10.48102/rsm.v1i6.111

Resumen

Las sequias, entendidas como peligros naturales y humanos, son frecuentemente estudiadas como desastres, dada la disrupción que provocan a la normalidad. Desde daños a cultivos y ganado, hasta desempleo y migración, las sequias son conceptualizadas como fenómenos que traen consecuencias negativas para la vida humana. Aun así, las consecuencias de las políticas de respuesta a sequías no son tan discutidas como las sequías en sí. Este articulo presenta cómo la inversión post sequía incrementa la productividad agrícola, al utilizar criterios de precipitación y producción económica para su asignación. Con información para el periodo 2003-2018 a nivel municipal, los resultados de estimaciones de regresiones panel y emparejamiento muestran que aquellos municipios con declaración de desastre por sequía presentan niveles mayores de productividad en el futuro que aquellos municipios con condiciones meteorológicas similares, pero sin esta declaración. Esto es un ejemplo de cómo las definiciones de desastres importan como procesos de política, dadas las consecuencias que los programas activados por dichas definiciones tienen en las comunidades y en su relación con los peligros que las rodean.

https://doi.org/10.48102/rsm.v1i6.111
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