Corrupción institucional observada desde el espacio
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Palabras clave

corrupción
medio ambiente
índice de densidad de vegetación
sensores remotos

Cómo citar

Millán López, A. J. (2024). Corrupción institucional observada desde el espacio. Sobre México Temas De Economía, 1(9), 55–82. https://doi.org/10.48102/rsm.v1i9.146

Resumen

Este trabajo propone una métrica de corrupción basada en un índice de densidad de vegetación (IVE) creado a través de mediciones con imágenes satelitales. Las estadísticas estándar de corrupción a menudo se cuestionan porque pueden manipularse y están sujetas a errores de medición y varios tipos de omisiones. La metodología empleada aquí intenta eludir esas limitaciones ya que la corrupción puede observarse desde el espacio exterior bajo el supuesto de que una propiedad subyacente de las democracias solidas es implementar leyes rigurosas para la preservación ambiental. Los resultados sugieren que el IVE puede ser utilizada como métrica indirecta de actos de corrupción, lo cual está demostrado estadísticamente. Una relación no lineal separa visiblemente dos conjuntos de países: un grupo de naciones con escasa vegetación donde su dotación limitada se asocia positivamente con niveles más altos de corrupción, y un conjunto de países donde los niveles más altos de vegetación se asocian positivamente con niveles más bajos de corrupción. Los resultados muestran que Canadá, Irlanda, Finlandia, Suecia, Estonia y Dinamarca se encuentran entre los menos corruptos y con mayor densidad de vegetación en todo el mundo.

https://doi.org/10.48102/rsm.v1i9.146
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