Multiplicadores locales de empleo en México
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Palabras clave

multiplicadores de empleo
Mexico
shift-share

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Hernández, N., & Rojas, I. (2021). Multiplicadores locales de empleo en México. Sobre México Temas De Economía, 1(Especial), 1-33. Recuperado a partir de https://sobremexico-revista.ibero.mx/index.php/Revista_Sobre_Mexico/article/view/43

Resumen

En este artículo estimamos el multiplicador local del empleo en el sector comerciable sobre el empleo en el sector no comerciable en México, para el periodo 2000-2010. Usando un estimador de variables instrumentales, nuestros resultados indican que un cambio exógeno de una unidad en el empleo en el sector comerciable genera entre 1.8 y 2.6 empleos adicionales en el sector no comerciable. De estos, entre 1 y 1.5 corresponden al sector formal. Nuestros resultados implican una oportunidad para los hacedores de política que persiguen estrategias de desarrollo, pues la prevalencia de una economía altamente informal se considera frecuentemente un impedimento para el desarrollo económico. Nuestro estudio señala que la creación de empleos en el sector comerciable es una posible estrategia para incrementar el empleo formal en el sector no comerciable. Nuestro análisis también revela que el incremento en el empleo para trabajadores con más de nueve años de educación es dos veces más grande que para aquéllos con menos de nueve años de educación.

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Citas

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